Over this week we have been trying to understand the practicalities of our EP (Extended Project). We have been mainly focusing on the film and TV industry and how it operates.
We were asked to make 2 ‘top trump’ style cards for possible viewers of our extended project using demographics and psychographics. Here are the ones I made.
I have also made an infographic based on my EP within the film and TV industry. Click on the link to go to it.
I will list the equipment would have in an ideal situation and the equipment I have access to.
- I will require a good quality camera to film on
- I will be needing a shotgun microphone to record the voice-over
- I will be using a tripod to keep the camera steady
- I will also be using a Steadicam to get moving shots while keeping the camera steady
- I will need a computer with at least 8GB of ram and Avid Media Composer installed on it
Equipment I have
- I have my phone’s camera which is ok quality
- I have a lavalier microphone I could use
- I have a tripod
- I don’t have a Steadicam so I will use Avid’s stabilising feature in order to stabilise it in post-production
- I have a computer with an old version of Avid Media Composer
We had to research the job role we were going to be mainly focusing on doing during our EP and then research other job roles that work closely with said job role.
To become a film director you don’t need any particular qualification but they increase your chances. Film directors are usually hired based on previous experience for example if you were to make a film and do it well a producer could see it and hire you based on that. Most directors start as a Runner on a film set and work up from there. Qualifications that can help are any film and TV course like this one for example https://goo.gl/bPSSnE. Being good at socialising can be very helpful in becoming a director as you will, therefore, be good at networking and getting on with your cast and motivating your crew. They have to be very passionate about what they do in order to see it through.
If you want to find out a more detailed version of a director then visit my previous blog by clicking here.
Film directors work closely with the producer, the cinematographer, the assistant director, the actors and possibly the editor.
The producer is usually the first one to get involved in a project. He will hire most of the crew in order to create his project. He is a business man and handles all the finance of the film. The director is hired by the producer.
The cinematographer or director of photography is in charge of visual aspects of the filming process. This includes costumes, makeup, framing and lighting and possibly colour correction and grading.
An assistant director is in charge of logging the progress against the filming schedule. He is in charge of maintaining order on set and checking the cast and crew. One of the most important parts of an assistant director is preparing daily call sheets. Daily call sheets are sheets distributed to the cast and crew which tell them when they have to be and when.
Actors are meant to immerse the viewers in the character they play. Actors are given instructions by the director and are made to memorise most of the script. They generally get the most credit in a film.
Generally editors work with the Director but sometimes they don’t. Editors are in charge of the overall flow of the narrative. It is their job to make the end result seem as seamless as possible and grab the viewers attention and to hold it throughout the film. Editors usually work long unsociable hours under lots of pressure as they cannot go over the deadlines. If the producer doesn’t let the director work with the editor then sometimes you get directors cuts. This is when the director has edited the film how he wants rather than how the editor wants.
If you want to find out more about editing then visit my previous blog post by clicking here.
Legal and Ethical issues
Following the correct health and safety procedures can stop someone suing you and losing a lot of money. The risks can be assessed and prevented by filling in risk assessments. Some risks cannot always be prevented and in which case you need to find creative solutions around them. Ethical problems like offensive or controversial content can cause the film to be banned in certain country’s but if it is extremely offensive then it could become a legal issue. Copyright can also be a problem and there are various things I can do to prevent it. Trademarks should not be shown or should be blurred unless you have permission to show them. Copyrighted music is not allowed over the top without permission. Copyright can apply if the film is too similar to another film. It is a bit of a grey area
I have found out a lot more about the industry in which my EP will be placed in. I have found out about various job roles that will be important in my project. If this wasn’t a student production and I had a whole crew then researching the different job roles would be crucial to understand the people you work with and what they have to deal with. This is especially true if you’re a director as they most probably work closely with most of the crew. When working with other people it is important to know what is possible and what its like to do the job you’re asking them to do and how difficult is, for example, you can’t expect an editor to do a really complex sequence within a day. The college will be providing my optimal equipment but if they weren’t it is important to know what equipment you are able to work with in order to understand how you would complete the project. It is similar to a mechanic – A mechanic uses tools to complete their objective and a good mechanic can complete their objective using minimal tools whereas a bad one wouldn’t be able to. A good mechanic also knows that the tools change depending on the situation so he wouldn’t use a hammer to screw in a screw. “Story is king. Everything else is slave to story” – Casey Neistat.
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