This week we have been doing about visuals and the pre-production behind them. We have evaluated how the pre-production relates to other stages
How does pre-production apply to visuals and what are the elements that need to be considered?
Visuals require more pre-production planning than audio as there is lot more going on and a lot more that could go wrong. One key thing to have in mind is the location. When doing the location recce there is a lot of things to take into consideration. The main one that can completely ruin a production if not planned for is permission. If it is someone’s private property then you need permission to film there. You also need permission to film any member of public. Depending on what you are filming you need to take piratical effects into consideration. Practical effects take a lot of preparation and a lot of safety procedures. For a majority of practical effects you need to hire an ambulance to wait on standby just in case something goes wrong. Stunt men are used in piratical effects as they are trained to pull off these stunts. Some actors are trained in stunts and don’t require stunt men like Jason Statham for example. Practical effects also require a lot of equipment that needs to be bought/hired. Equipment is also a key element of pre-production, using your budget wisely is very considering important when hiring equipment. Equipment also includes things like props and depending on how big a budget the film is you would sometimes have a props team that include job roles like a props designer. Props need to be time specific because if you have a film set in medieval times and they are using cars to get around it spoils the effect. A common mistake big budget films even forget is small details that make it seem unrealistic, for example if there is a film set in medieval times and there is an extra is wearing a digital watch. A major key element to the pre-production of visuals is a storyboard. A storyboard should be able to be read by anyone and understood by all. This is so that everyone knows what’s going on and what the desired finished product will look like.
Who are the key crew members?
Key crew members for the visual aspect are: The producer, The director, The lighting crew, The cameraman, The editor, The storyboard artist, The prop and costume crew, The makeup artists, actors and the location recce are all key to the visual production.
How do they link with the other stages of production?
If the location recce doesn’t find a good place to film that fits with what the director wants then visual effects such as using a green screen are used. This links with the post-production stage as they would have to remove the green screen and find the ideal place and replace the green screen with that. Sometimes the editor will have to create the background using programs such as Photoshop which adds more time to the length of production. Also if you don’t get permission to film there you might get kicked off half way through recording and you might also have to delete your footage. This can mean the production stage will increase in time and you will also have to find a different location to film in. Even worse you can of filmed in a place without permission and got through the post-production stage just to find out when you start to publish it that you have just violated the copyright law and you would have to stop publishing your film and you might even get sued. This would mean you would have to redo the entire production and post-production stage again in a different location. If the practical effects in a film is not prepared for enough there could be injury’s which would halt the production process and sometimes stop it overall. You might have to find another actor or stunt actor to fill in which would mean reshooting all the scenes with that actor or stunt actor in. If the equipment isn’t that good it can add more time in the post-production stage as you will have to do things like digital enhancement which can take a long time. Obviously not making a clear storyboard can confuse the crew in the production stage as none of them know what the end product is suppose to look like. The props can impact all stages as if the incorrect props are used then you might have to reshoot the production stage or try and remove it digitally in post-production.
The Visual Task Video
We were asked to make a short series of shots showing movement. We had to use 6 shots to do it and include a variety of shot types and camera movement.
After viewing it was clear that the resolution was not very good and because we didn’t have time to reshoot it I had to enhance it in post-production. Although it is not that good resolution it is a lot better than it was