Framing

Today I learnt about different types of shots and camera angles. I took some photos to demonstrate the different effects they create.

Dereks Thomas. no date. As Media Studies Foundation Portfolio G321: Exploring different shots and Shot list. [ONLINE] Available at: https://uk.pinterest.com/pin/501518108479768166/. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Establishing Shot

An establishing shot is used to introduce the audience to the area that the film or TV show will take place in. It is usually used at the beginning of the film or TV show.

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The Time Lapse Company. no date. Wide shot time lapse clouds over ESTABLISHING SHOT of Chicago downtown skyline. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.gettyimages.co.uk/detail/video/wide-shot-time-lapse-clouds-over-establishing-shot-of-stock-footage/739-84. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Extreme Long Shot

ELS.jpg7 Standard Filmmaking Shots Every Cinematographer Must Know: Extreme Wide Shot

MICHAEL MAHER. 2015. 7 Standard Filmmaking Shots Every Cinematographer Must Know. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/7-standard-filmmaking-shots-every-cinematographer-must-know/. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Long Shot

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cqmsjt.com. no date. Long Shot. [ONLINE] Available at: http://cqmsjt.com/files5/long-shot.html. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Medium Long Shot

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kierandonaghy. no date. FILM LANGUAGE Q-V. [ONLINE] Available at: http://film-english.com/film-glossary/film-language-q-v/. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Medium Shot

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MICHAEL MAHER. 2015. How to Frame a Medium Shot Like a Master Cinematographer. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/how-to-frame-a-medium-shot-like-a-master-cinematographer/. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Medium Close Up

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s-tamka. no date. PRESENTATION NAME. [ONLINE] Available at:https://www.emaze.com/@AIIRTFOR/Presentation-Name. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Close Up

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JOHNATHAN PAUL. 2015. How to Shoot Close-Up Shots Like Sergio Leone. [ONLINE] Available at:http://www.premiumbeat.com/blog/how-to-shoot-close-up-shots-like-sergio-leone/. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Extreme Close Up

This shows details in a facial expression that otherwise wouldn’t be picked up by the audience. It can be used to add a dramatic effect or to enhance the intensity of a character’s emotions. Extreme close-ups are sometimes used at the start of a scene, film or TV program.

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thegrey2012. 2012. Extreme Close-up Neeson. [ONLINE] Available at:https://cadevittum.wordpress.com/2012/12/03/extreme-close-up-neeson/. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Low Angle Shot

Low angle shots are used to show power. The effect makes the subject seem intimidating and threatening. Low angle shots are usually used on villains in a film.

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Film Around The World. 2015. April’s Aperture: A view on film. [ONLINE] Available at:http://aprilsaperture.blogspot.co.uk/2015/09/camera-shots-and-perspective-low-angle.html. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

High Angle Shot

A high angle shot is used to show vulnerability. It makes the subject seem smaller and hopeless. In general, this angle is used to show the heroes of a film.

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mreed. no date. CAMERA ANGLES SHOTS (2).PPTX. [ONLINE] Available at:https://www.emaze.com/@AOTOITQZ/Camera-angles-shots-(2).pptx. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Dutch Angle

The Dutch angle, also known as the Dutch Tilt, the canted angle or the obscure angle is used to show confusion or disorientation. It is generally used at the beginning of a scene, usually followed up by the camera moving backwards to reveal the surroundings while the camera slowly corrects the Dutch angle. It can also be used to show portray unforeseen dangers or chaotic action.

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Untitled Film Blog. 2011. My War with “Thor”. [ONLINE] Available at:http://untitledfilmblog.tumblr.com/post/5399470172/my-war-with-thor. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Composition

The rule of thirds

The rule of thirds is when a frame is split into three sections both horizontally and vertically, to create 9 sections. This creates a grid in which focus’s on the subject of the shot. This effect works best when the subject is placed, close to, or on the intersection of two of the grid lines. This adds interest to the shot and makes it more visually appealing. This technique is usually used when a person is not directly addressing the camera like in an interview. It generally looks more artistic and is mainly used in paintings and photos.landscape rule of thirds

Rachael Towne. 2011. Why The Rule of Thirds Is Rule #1 for Visual Art. [ONLINE] Available at:http://photoluminary.com/2011/12/why-the-rule-of-thirds-is-rule-1-for-visual-art/. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

The frame on the left does not use the rule of thirds whereas the frame on the right shows how the rule of thirds adds interest and an artistic feel. It is used in a lot of the top films as you can see below, Morgan Freeman is standing so his head is aligned with one of the intersection and the sign he is holding is aligned with the other intersection. The picture I took aligned the doors in the background with one of the intersections and the logo on the bin in the foreground with another.

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Image result for rule of thirds in famous films

Rachael Towne. 2011. Why The Rule of Thirds Is Rule #1 for Visual Art. [ONLINE] Available at:http://photoluminary.com/2011/12/why-the-rule-of-thirds-is-rule-1-for-visual-art/. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Symmetry

Symmetry makes a shot look visually appealing. Human brains are wired to get drawn into symmetry as it is so visually appealing. Symmetry can be used in subtle ways like a reflection in water or a bathroom mirror. Symmetry can be hard to pull off, but when done correctly it can definitely add the desired effect. Wes Anderson is known for using symmetry in his films to a great extent.

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the, science, behind, why, we, love, wes, anderson, movies,

Sam Brodey. 2014. The Science Behind Why We Love Wes Anderson Movies. [ONLINE] Available at:https://mic.com/articles/85591/the-science-behind-why-we-love-wes-anderson-movies#.yhYMobJuH. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Leading Lines

Leading lines are when lines in a shot are used to attract a viewers attention to a certain part of the image. Train tracks are usually used to complete this effect with the subject placed at the end of the train tracks. Other ordinary objects can be used to create this effect like the double yellow lines on the side of roads.

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JOSH. 1815. How to Use Leading Lines to Improve Your Composition. [ONLINE] Available at: https://expertphotography.com/how-to-use-leading-lines-to-improve-your-composition/. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Natural Framing

Natural framing is when naturally occurring objects are used to frame the subject of the shot, for example, using a nearby cave, arch or window.

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SCFiasco. 2006. I get the window seat!. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.flickr.com/photos/scfiasco/209456264/. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Depth

Depth is mostly used to place a character in a certain environment. It is generally used with a character in the foreground, usually to one side and the environment in the background. Depth is used when the audience is introduced to a new character or environment.

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V Renée. 2013. Deep Focus: Taking a Closer Look at the Use of Split Diopters in Film. [ONLINE] Available at: http://nofilmschool.com/2013/10/deep-focus-use-of-split-diopters-in-film. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

Depth of Field

The depth of field is the focal range of the camera or painting. A narrow depth of field is used to draw the viewers attention to a certain subject like a certain character within a small crowd. The depth of field is used in a lot of films, but usually at the start of them as they can be used to combine an establishing shot with a close-up. This can happen when the film starts off with an establishing shot and a character walks into the frame and the depth of field shifts from focusing on the surroundings to focusing on the character. This technique was used in the opening scene of Fast and Furious 7. It can also be used to show a particular character as shady or untrustworthy like the photo below.

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Drew. 2013. Depth of Field and Bokeh – ZEISS. [ONLINE] Available at: http://dslrpro.net/blog/depth-of-field-and-bokeh-zeiss/. [Accessed 22 September 2016].

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